Brazilian Culture

The Farewell to Antonio Candido, Brazil's Greatest Literary Critic in The 20th Century

Last Friday, May 12th, Brazil lost Antonio Candido, one of the country's greatest intellectuals of the 20th century. Born in Rio de Janeiro, Antonio Candido de Mello e Souza was a sociologist, writer, and University professor. A literature academic, Mr. Candido started his career in the early 40s as a literary critic writing reviews about writers such as Clarice Lispector, João Cabral de Melo Neto, and some "upcoming" names such as Murilo Mendes and Carlos Drummond de Andrade.

He authored an extensive academic work and became one of the mandatory readings for Brazilian literature students. His master work "A Formação da Literatura Brasileira", describes how the Brazilian literary production evolved together with the country's social and cultural changes.

Professor Emeritus of universities such as USP and UNESP, Antonio Candido was also receives Honoris Causa degrees from Unicamp and from the Universidad República de Uruguay. His work was recognized by innumerous awards such as the Prêmio Jabuti (1965 e 1993), Prêmio Machado de Assis (1993), Prêmio Anísio Teixeira (1996), and Prêmio Camões (1998).

The ILC Brasil pays a humble homage to this great thinker. He taught us that, independent on how it is inserted in the global literary scene, a national literature is the only one that can truly represent the population of a country.

The 11 essential books about Brazil. (in Port.)
Os 11 Livros que Antonio Candido Considerava Fundamentais para Entender o Brasil







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